FLORENCE — Piazza del Duomo & Surrounds

The Piazza del Duomo has lots of shops, cafes and restaurants and being the centre of the city it is one of the busiest areas in Florence. It contains possibly Florence’s most famous group of monuments known all over the world. These masterpieces of medieval architecture had a great influence on monumental art in Italy from the 11th to the 14th centuries.

The sights to visit in this area are found around the Piazza del Duomo, the nearby Piazza di San Giovanni and some of the surrounding streets.
Duomo
Campanile
Baptisery
Museo dell’Opera del Duomo

Duomo

Duomo (Cathedral di Santa Maria del Fiore)
This magnificent pink, white and green marble structure Duomo, or cathedral took almost 150 years to build. It was engineered by the architect and sculptor Filippo Brunelleschi using specially invented machines. The cupola or dome is a masterpiece of the Italian Renaissance and has a diameter of 46.5m (153ft) at the base. It is possible to climb the 463 stairs (no lift) to the top of the dome for fantastic views over the city. The interior of the dome is massive and rather bare but it does contain frescoes by Renaissance masters such as Paolo Uccello and Andrea del Castagno, as well as a painting of the poet Dante and his Divine Comedy. Note the beautiful stained glass windows by Donatello, del Castagno, Uccello and Ghiberti.

Campanile

Campanile
This 84.7m-high bell tower is found at the side of the Duomo.



Traveller's Tip

Climb the 414 steps of the Campanile for a breathtaking view over the Duomo and Central Florence.
Baptistry

Baptistery
This is one of the oldest buildings in Florence and was dedicated to John the Baptist. Possibly the best features of this building are the three sets of bronze doors by Pisano and Ghiberti depicting the story of humanity and the Redemption.

Museo dell’Opera del Duomo
Located behind the Duomo is this wonderful collection of sculptures once found in the Duomo, Baptistery and Campanile. Probably the museum’s best-known piece is Michelangelo’s Pieta. You will also find here some of the original panels from the bronze doors by Ghiberti found in the Baptistery.
For more information visit the website at: http://www.operaduomo.firenze.it/english/luoghi/museo.asp